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The term cording landscape is the generic name given to a style of painting with a dark background and a central motif.
History and description
The painterly style of the 19th century, with its wide application to still life and landscape, has usually been called the cordon-round-the-subject mannerism. It represents a transition from landscape with subjects treated in a sketchy fashion to a more defined style. It is sometimes also called a landscape with a background, the most obvious example being Turner's "Salisbury and Southampton", or the later Pre-Raphaelite landscapes. The cording landscape is usually seen in landscape paintings of the French Salon or the Academy of Antwerp or Dutch still life pictures, although the subjects vary in type and subject matter.
Painters who followed the cording style are Frans van Laar, Antoon van Dyck, Nicolaes Berchem and Karel van Mander. This style became more popular in the 19th century and developed in the mannerism style (a style that was developed within the cordon round the subject mannerism). In the Netherlands, this became a distinct school of painting, led by Jan van Goyen. Among artists inspired by this style are Frans Verwijnen, Jan Janssens, Theodoor Rombouts, Carel van Maurik, Willem van Hove, Gerrit van Honthorst, Jan Steen, Hubertus van der Laan, Jan Steen, Vincent van Bempt, Jan de Wael and Jan Janssens. There is also a distinction between the cording landscape and the landscape à la jacquemart with its more romantic subject.
The central motif was probably taken from the landscapes of Frans Snyders and was probably used in the mannerism style. The motif can be the central interest in a landscape, such as the river or a mountain in a still life.The motif can be the entire background, such as the background in a portrait. The central motif is the main interest of the painting. In early still life and landscape paintings this is always a personified "motif", as in the portrait paintings of Jan de Baen where the main character is shown in a richly detailed background of landscape. The cording style is more suited to an idealized landscape than the mannerism style.
The cording landscape is sometimes related to the mannerism style. This may be explained by the fact that the Dutch landscape became popular in the 16th century, when both styles originated. The Dutch landscape was then painted in a mannerist style and was popular in England. The cording landscape was popular in the Low Countries. During the 16th and 17th century it became increasingly popular in England and was exported to the rest of Europe. This style then was known as the mannerist landscape.
Category:Still life painting
Category:Dutch Golden Age painting